• A MAP is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale. Maps are of different types.
  • Physical maps : Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans etc. are called physical or relief maps.
  • Political maps: Maps showing cities, towns and villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.
  • Thematic maps: Some maps focus on specific information; such as road maps, rainfall maps, maps showing distribution of forests, industries etc. are known as thematic maps.
  • There are three components of maps – distance, direction and symbol.
  • A Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
  • When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, then small scale is used. It is called a small scale map.
  • When a small area like village or town is to be shown on a paper, then large scale is used. It is called a large scale map.

#     Large scale maps give more information than small scale maps.

  • The directions on the map are North, South, East and West. They are called Cardinal points. The direction of a place can be found out with the help of a
  • Conventional symbols are used to show different features on a map.
  • A Sketch is a rough drawing which is drawn without a scale, and this is called a sketch map.
  • A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale. These are drawings drawn to a scale.