Kuka Movement. Denomination – 5 Rupee, Nickel-Brass, Back – Bust religious leader & Social Reformer Satguru Ram Singh. A sect of Sikhs called “Namdharis” while reciting Sikh Mantras or repeating the name, often developed emotions, screamed and shouted, took turbans in their hands and hair streaming in the air and hence called “Kukas” or the shouters. The word Kuka is derived from the Punjabi expression ‘kook’, meaning a cry. The real founder was Baba Ram Singh, who was born in 1815 as a son of poor carpenter, in small village of Bhaini (Ludhiana). The principles of boycott and non-cooperation were expounded by Guru Ram Singh and in 1871, the Kukas met in conference at the village Khote in Ferozepur. The Kuka followers succeeded in enforcing civil disobedience as well as carrying out extreme actions including murder of butchers against cow slaughter. The Govt arrested many Kuaks and either hanged them or imprisoned them. There was a serious outbreak in 1872, when some of the Kukas went out of Ram Singh’s control and decided to attack Malerkotla and occupied it. The govt took it seriously and concluded that Ram Singh’s real motive and ambition was to reign and acquire dominions, upon a religious pretext. The result was that he was captured and sent into exile in Burma. He died there later.
Komagata Maru Incident. Denomination – 5 Rupee, Nickel-Brass, Back – The steamship. The Komagata Maru was a Japanese steamship that sailed from Hong Kong to Vancouver, Canada via Japan in May, 1914. It was carrying 376 passengers who were immigrants from Punjab, India. Of these, only 24 were granted admittance in Canada when the ship docked in Vancouver. Following a two month stalemate, the ship and its 352 passengers were escorted out of the dock by the Canadian military ad forced to sail back to India. The ship returned to Calcutta on 27 Sep and was stopped by the British. The British thought that the passengers were law breakers and political agitators. The police fired shots and 19 passengers were killed. Most of the remaining passengers were either arrested or sent back to Punajb. In 1951, the Indian government erected a monument at Budge Budge to commemorate the massacre that occurred there. A stamp commemorating the centenary anniversary of the steamship was released by Canada Post in May, 2014.