Human trafficking as defined by the UN
“the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, or fraud, of deception, of the abuse of the power of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or service, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.”
Human Trafficking is a booming international trade, making billions of dollars at the expense of millions of victims; many of them are young girls and children, who are robbed of their dignity and freedom. Gender discrimination further aggravates human trafficking. Human trafficking can include several different components which can include sex trafficking, labor trafficking, and organ trafficking.
Recently, human trafficking is especially popular for the purpose of extraction of organs. Trafficking is a lucrative industry. It is only second to drug trafficking as the most profitable illegal industry in the world. In fact, it is a billion dollars business industry and a complete chain of networking and lobbying from powerful to the grass root village/ local level trafficker. This extent, has resulted to make this industry as one of the organized crime industry in the world. It is the world’s third largest crime after drugs and arms trafficking.
India is listed in the Tier II list of the UN which includes countries which have failed to combat human trafficking. The Trafficking in Persons Report 2011, observes that India is a destination of women and girls from Nepal and Bangladesh for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. It is a really sad situation which India is facing. In almost every city there are certain parts filled with brothels. It has now become an organized syndicate. Human trafficking happens because of a simple concept which the traffickers believe in – that a human body is a expendable, reusable “commodity”.
Although India has a number of laws and provisions prohibiting activities associated with trafficking, trafficking continues to fester year after year and be seemingly unabated.