- Weather is about day to day changes in the atmosphere. It includes changes in temperature, rainfall and sunshine.
Broadly, the major seasons recognized in India are:
- Cold Weather Season (Winter) December to February
- Hot Weather Season (Summer) March to May
- South West Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September
- Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and November.
# Hot and dry winds called Loo blow during the day in the Hot Weather Season.
South West Monsoon Season:
- This season is marked by the onset and advance of monsoon.
- The winds blow from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea towards the land. They carry moisture with them.
- When these winds strike the mountain barriers, rainfall occurs.
Season of Retreating Monsoons or Autumn:
- Winds move backward from the mainland to the Bay of Bengal.
- The southern parts of India, particularly Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall in this season.
Climate: Climate is about the average weather condition, which have been measured over many years.
- The climate of India has broadly been described as Monsoon type.
- Due to India’s location in the tropical region, most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds.
INDIA : CLIMATE, VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE
- The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude, distance from the sea, and relief.
- Due to varied climatic conditions, India has a wide range of natural vegetation.
Vegetation of India can be divided into five types. They are:
- Tropical Evergreen Forests or Tropical Rain Forest: They occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. Important trees found in these forests are Mahagony, ebony and rosewood.
- Tropical Deciduous Forests or Monsoon Forests: Important trees of these forests are sal, teak, peepal, neem and shisham.
- Thorny bushes: Plants are like Cactus, Khair, Babool and Keekar.
- Mountain Vegetation: The trees are coniferous having broad bases and conical tops. Important species of trees are the pine, chir and deodar.
- Mangrove forests: These are grown in the saline water. Example: Sunderbans.
- Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.
- Forests of Assam are the home of the elephants and one-horned rhinoceroses.
- Camels and wild asses are found in the Great Indian desert and the Rann of Kuchch respectively.