“Everyone must be his own Scavenger” -Mahatma Gandhi
Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)
It is a joint mission of the Ministry of Urban Development and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (Rural). The Mission was launched by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 2.10.2014 to fulfill Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of Clean India and to ensure hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation, which will be India’s tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019.
The program will be implemented two sub-missions by the Urban Development Ministry (Urban areas) and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (Rural).
Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas:
The overall goal of the National Urban Sanitation Policy is to transform Urban India into community – driven, totally sanitized, healthy and livable cities and towns. The Swachh Bharat Mission strives to achieve this goal.
Objectives of SBM (Urban):
The objectives of the Mission are:
- Eliminate open defecation.
- Conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets.
- Eradication of manual scavenging
- 100% collection and scientific processing/disposal/reuse/recycle of Municipal solid waste.
- To bring about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices.
- Generate awareness among the citizens about sanitation and its linkages with public health.
- Strengthening of urban local bodies to design, execute and operate systems.
- To create enabling environment for private sector participation in Capital expenditure and Operation and Maintenance expenditure (O&M).
SBM aims to achieve these objectives of providing sanitation and household toilet facilities for all 4041 statutory towns in the country. These towns are home to 31% of the country’s population or about 377 million people. The numbers are expected to go up to 600 million by 2031.
Components of SBM (Urban):
The Mission has the following components:
- Provision of household toilets
- Community toilets
- Public toilets
- Solid waste management
- Information Education and Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness
- Capacity Building and Administrative and Other Expenses.
Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural):
A direct relationship exists between water, sanitation, health, nutrition, and human well being. Though a lot of work has been done in the field of rural sanitation in the past decade under Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in the country, sanitation coverage, which ought to be a way of life to safeguard health, is still inadequate. While the programs like TSC, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBC) has been successful to some extent, the fact that there are still a large number of rural households without access to safe sanitation facilities, which is a issue which needs to be tackled on war footing in a time bound manner, the SBM (Rural) has been launched, which aims at attaining a 100% Open Defecation Free India by 2019.
Objectives of the SBM (Rural):
The objectives are as follows:
- Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas.
- Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2019 with all Gram Panchayats in the country attaining Nirmal status.
- Motivate communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions promoting sustainable sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education.
- Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
- Develop community managed environmental sanitation systems focusing on solid and liquid waste management for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
Components of SBM (Rural):
The components are as under:
- Provision of individual household latrines.
- Construction of community sanitary complexes
- Assistance to production centers of sanitary materials and Rural Sanitary Marts
- Funds for solid and liquid waste management.
- Provision for IEC
- Provision for Administrative cost