Measures to deal with Left-wing Extremism in India

The Naxalites will continue to breed internal unrest and upset peace till such time the economic inequalities are not addressed.

Government has taken the following measures to control the Naxal problem:

1) Modernization of State police.

  • The real key in fighting left-wing extremism is ‘good intelligence’.
  • Revision of Security Related Expenditure (SRE) scheme in February, 2005.
  • Special training for forces engaged in Naxalite operations is equally important.
  • Supply of mine protected vehicles.
  • Long term deployment of central paramilitary forces.
  • 40% recruitment in central paramilitary forces from the border areas and areas affected by militancy or naxalism.
  • Salva Judum in Bastar region, Chattisgarh.

2) Key initiatives at State level:

In order to ensure accelerated socio-economic development and justice, the naxal affected states have been asked to

  • Ensure effective implementation of land reforms. Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA) and formulation of resettlement and rehabilitation (RR) policy for displaced tribals.
  • Improve governance and establish better delivery systems for people centric developmental activities in the naxal affected districts.
  • Ensure proper and full utilization of funds under various developmental schemes such as Bharat Nirman, NREGS, PMGSY, Mid day meal scheme etc.

3) Developmental Response:

  • Backward Districts Initiative (BDI)
  • Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF)
  • Land Reforms employment opportunities in the Naxal areas.

Some more recommendations that can be made to deal with Extremism:

  • Have an effective police response – sensitizing the police is a critical requirement.
  • Focus on the reducing the sense of deprivation and alienation.
    • Laws protecting SCs and STs should be relooked.
  • Gaps in the physical and social development in the naxal affected areas are to be filled.
  • Dynamic coordination between the commissions of the disadvantaged is required to harmonize their policies.
  • Forest Dwellers Act, which is a powerful intervention, should be operational zed.
  • Land reforms program should be revived, especially ceiling laws should be revived, which can deal with landlessness among SCs and STs.
    • If land reforms are taken up on priority and the landless and the poor in the naxal areas are allotted surplus land, this would go a long way in tackling the developmental aspects of Naxal problem.
    • Land tribunals can be setup separately under Article 323 (B), which go into the issues of litigations of lands.
    • Spread up the physical position of lands given to assignees.
    • Fill up all the loop holes of land transferring form adivasis to non-adivasis.
  • Tribal sub-plan should be brought under fifth schedule, so that the tribals themselves can participate in the plan formulation.
  • More coordination between states and central intelligence agencies should be established.
  • Unless we address the root causes of poverty, backwardness and deprivation in these areas, the extremist forces will only go from strength to strength.
  • Good Governance and effective implementation of development programs are the key elements to counter socio-economic causes of Naxalism.
  • Strengthening of local policing and intelligence gathering systems.
    • Competent officers need to be posted in the Naxalite affected districts and areas, with stable tenure.
    • Winning the confidence of the local population is another important area.
  • Social Impact Assessment of all developmental projects should be made mandatory – comprehensively.
  • Community property resources should be restored by using the old land records where they existed.
  • States have to focus greater attention in accelerating people-centric developmental activities and create employment opportunities in the naxal affected areas with special focus on creation of physical infrastructure in terms of roads, communication, power as also social infrastructure such as schools, hospitals etc.
  • Universalize basic social services in hilly-forested tribal areas in health, primary education, sanitation, rural power, drinking water.
  • Recommend mineral leases should be given by the Gram Sabha for minor minerals. Gram Sabha should be given the authority to give the leases.
  • Minor forest produce should get minimum support price (MSP). Marketing support should be given to minor forest produce and also the artistic and creative value.
  • Once a tribe is recognized by the President, it should not have any boundaries. Even though they migrate from their regions, they should have recognition.

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