This was conceived as a special initiative of the follow up action on the Sachar Committee recommendations. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) approved by the Government in the beginning of the 11th 5YP and launched in the year 2008-2009
- The primary objective of the programme is to improve the backwardness parameters which resulted in the identification of the districts as backward and to bring them at par with the national averages.
- The programme aims at improving the socio-economic conditions of minorities and providing basic amenities to them for improving the quality of life of the people and reducing imbalances in the identified minority concentration areas during the 12th 5YP
- The projects to be taken up under MsDP would be related to the provision of better infrastructure for education, skill development, health, sanitation, pucca housing, roads, drinking water, besides schemes for creating income generating opportunities.
- The objective of the scheme would be to fill the gaps in the existing schemes of the Government of India by providing additional resources and to take up non-gap filling projects (innovative projects) for the welfare of the minorities.
Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Parsis) –been notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.
Minority Concentration Blocks (MCBs)
Blocks with a minimum of 25% minority population falling in the backward districts selected on the basis of the backwardness parameters adopted during the 11th 5YP.
- The unit of planning for implementation of MsDP has been changed to Block instead of district.
- This would sharpen the focus of the programme on the minority concentration areas as district became a big unit for this purpose
- This would also help in covering the deserving minority concentration blocks (MSBs) which are at present lying outside the present MCDs.
In case of 6 states (Lakshadweep, Punjab, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Jammu & Kashmir), where a minority community is in majority, a lower cut-off of 15% of minority population, other than that of the minority community in majority in that state/UT, would be adopted.
Cluster of minority concentration villages falling outside the identified minority concentration blocks. Within the blocks of backward districts not selected as MCBs, cluster of contiguous minority concentration villages (having at least 50% minority population) would be identified.
Backward minority concentration towns/cities : Towns/cities with a minimum of 25% minority population having both socio-economic and basic amenities parameters below national average.
The backwardness parameters are:
(a) Religion-specific socio-economic indicators at the district level
(i) Literacy rate
(ii) Female literacy rate
(iii) Work participation rate
(iv) Female work participation rate
(b) Basic amenities indicators at the district level
(i) % of households with pucca walls
(ii) % of households with safe drinking water
(iii) % of households with electricity.
Multi-sectoral Development Plan (MsD Plan)
- The state govt/UT administration would notify a department with clear responsibility to deal with MsDP.
- While preparing the plan for MsDP, the govts would undertake both the gap filling and non-gap filling projects for the welfare of the minorities.
- While preparing the plan, the govts would give priority to education, health and skill development including skill training to the minorities.
Preparation of MsD Plan
- To take the planning process to the grass root level and to ensure the involvement of the Panchayati Raj Institutions in this programme, a block level committee in all the blocks covered under this programme will be constituted. The Block level committee would prepare the plan at the village level. This committee would recommend the plan to the District Level Committee for PMs New 15 point programme.
- For towns/cities, the proposal of the projects will be prepared by the local body and submitted to the District Level Committee. The DSL would scrutinize the plan proposal and recommend it to the State Level Committe for 15 Point Programme.
- The SLC would give approval to the projects based on the standardized cost derived by the state from the approved norms of corresponding schemes of Central Ministries.